2016 Fearless Gold Sector Forecast : Stay The Hell Away

Build Your Gold Watch List – but keep your portfolio in other sectors :

This past year was one of the worst ever for large mining companies, which suffered because of falling commodity prices and high leverage. They needed cash badly, and the streaming companies were more than happy to provide it. Mining giants such as Barrick Gold Corp., Glencore Plc, Teck Resources Ltd. and Vale SA all sold streams in 2015.

For junior or producing gold companies and their investors, the range of forecasts and continued volatility suggest it’s wiser to ignore the crystal balls for now and instead focus on what companies can control, like ensuring a sound business plan, keeping their balance sheets strong, monitoring costs, and building value for their shareholders.

Trends are against gold:

1) no inflation can be detected

2) rising interest rates offer a money making alternative while we watch and wait

3) global unrest in the middle East, Africa and Ukraine continue unabated but don’t move the panic button to ” buy”

4) Peter Schiff continues to see gold at $5,000  ( our best contrarian indicator )

This is the time of year when analysts roll out their economic forecasts for the New Year. For those who keep a close eye on gold prices, this can be a painful process.

It’s been another tough 12 months for the yellow metal, with prices falling for the third consecutive year — down about 10 per cent in 2015 alone. Prices touched a high in the neighbourhood of $1,300 and, as the year drew to close, they neared six-year lows around $1050.

That’s a big dive from the heady days of 2011, when gold hit over $1,900 an ounce.

What made things even more difficult for the sector in 2015 was the price volatility. Just when it appeared prices might be on a firm trajectory upward, they would then fall, creating more uncertainty among everyone from investors to gold companies.

That volatility is making it harder for prognosticators to estimate 2016 prices with any certainty. It’s the proverbial attempt to nail Jell-O to a wall.

That doesn’t prevent them from trying. But the resounding lack of consensus suggests it is a fraught exercise. Some are breathlessly proclaiming we’re on the brink of a new gold bull market. On the flip side, Goldman Sachs and JP Morgan predict it will fall to the psychologically important $1,000 US-per-ounce level — or lower — in 2016. Bank of America Merrill Lynch believes it will average $950 an ounce in early 2016 before recovering. Slightly more optimistic forecasters, like HSBC, predict gold will average $1,205 next year.

Gold is different from other metals in that its prices are not driven largely by typical supply and demand. While the prices of other metals, like copper or silver, tend to rise and fall as economies grow and shrink, a lot of different forces affect gold’s price. It’s used as a store of wealth, unlike most other metals (you don’t store copper to get rich), and it’s considered a “safe haven” — used as a hedge against political and economic uncertainty.

Inflation and the U.S. dollar are two major forces behind gold’s prices. In 2015, they didn’t work in gold’s favour. The collapse of the price of oil has kept inflation in check, which is bad for gold because of its role as a hedge against rising prices. The U.S. dollar has been strong — another blow for gold, which performs contrary to the greenback. Some say one of the reasons for the strong dollar was ongoing speculation that the U.S. Federal Reserve would raise rates for the first time in almost a decade. The Fed did that on Dec. 16, but there was minimal impact on gold due to the central bank’s dovish approach of a gradual tightening of future rates.


The dark side of metal streaming deals: Strapped mining companies trade future value for cash ( Financial Post )


In September, Robert Quartermain did something highly unusual for a mining executive — he signed a streaming deal with an early exit strategy.

Precious metal streaming companies looking to team up to tackle bigger deals

Valerian Mazataud/Bloomberg

Overwhelmed by the sheer volume of opportunities available in volatile commodity markets, precious-metal “streaming” companies are looking to team up to take on large acquisitions that they might not be able to readily afford on their own.

Continue reading.
Quartermain, the CEO of Vancouver-based Pretium Resources Inc., was alarmed at how much value miners are giving away in gold and silver stream sales, in which future output is sold at below-market prices in exchange for an instant cash infusion.

So when he sold a US$150-million stream on Pretium’s Brucejack project in British Columbia, he insisted that the deal include buyback options for Pretium in 2018 and 2019, and that it cap the number of gold and silver ounces that can be sold.

“When you start putting in higher levels of streaming, and the stream lasts forever, then the potential upside starts going to streaming holders and (away from) your existing shareholders,” Quartermain said in an interview.

This will go down as the biggest year ever for metal streaming deals, and it’s not even close. Miners have raised US$4.2 billion from 11 stream sales in 2015, according to Financial Post data. That is nearly double the US$2.2 billion raised in 2013, which is the second biggest year on record.

For the most part, mining analysts and investors have cheered these deals. But their sheer number has caused alarm for some observers, who worry that miners are giving away vast amounts of future upside once metal prices improve.

The metal streaming business was created back in 2004. In these transactions, a streaming company like Silver Wheaton Corp. gives a mining company an upfront cash payment. In return, it gets the right to buy a fixed amount of precious metals production from the miner at a fixed price that is far below the market price. The streamer can then sell the metal for a profit. The biggest players in this business are Silver Wheaton, Franco-Nevada Corp. and Royal Gold Inc.

This past year was one of the worst ever for large mining companies, which suffered because of falling commodity prices and high leverage. They needed cash badly, and the streaming companies were more than happy to provide it. Mining giants such as Barrick Gold Corp., Glencore Plc, Teck Resources Ltd. and Vale SA all sold streams in 2015.
On the surface, these deals made a lot of sense for mining companies. Their stock prices are so depressed that they do not want to even think about issuing equity. And the last thing this sector needs is to take on more debt. So they sold future metal production instead.

“When companies are between a rock and a hard place, they often sell what’s good because they can’t sell what’s bad,” said John Tumazos, an independent analyst.

The problem is that streams destroy much of the future “option value” for mining companies. Since the streaming metal is typically sold at fixed prices far below the market price, the streamers get all the benefit when market prices go up.

To take an extreme example, Silver Wheaton was buying silver from some mining companies at less than US$4 a pound in 2011, when silver prices rose to almost US$50. It was a massive transfer of wealth from mining companies to a streaming company.

Another concern is that streams can eliminate the exploration upside from a mine. If a miner has agreed to sell a fixed percentage of gold or silver production from a mine to a streamer, it will have to sell more metal if it makes a new discovery on the property and boosts production.

When companies are between a rock and a hard place, they often sell what’s good because they can’t sell what’s bad
John Ing, president and gold analyst at Maison Placements Canada, said streaming is reminiscent of hedging, in which metal is sold in fixed-price contracts. Hedging was all the rage in the gold industry in the 1990s, when prices were low. But it became a massive liability once prices rose far above the value in the contracts. Barrick had to spend more than $5 billion to unwind its hedge book in 2009.

Eventually, hedging became a toxic word in the industry. It is almost nonexistent today.

“It wasn’t until the price of gold went up that everybody realized what Barrick was leaving on the table,” Ing said.

“The same thing is going to happen (to streaming) when the price of gold goes up again. Not until then will people focus on the dark side of the streams.”

For investors that don’t like streaming, the good news is that miners are starting to preserve more upside for themselves in these transactions.

For example, Barrick struck a US$610-million stream sale with Royal Gold last August that guarantees higher sale prices down the road. For the first 550,000 gold ounces and 23.1 million silver ounces that Barrick delivers to Royal Gold, it receives 30 per cent of the prevailing spot prices. For every ounce after that, it receives 60 per cent of the spot prices. So if silver prices go up, Barrick stands to benefit.
Pretium Resources Inc.

Pretium’s Brucejack project in British Columbia.
Pretium went even further by negotiating optional buybacks of its stream and capping the total amount of gold and silver to be sold. If Pretium discovers more metal at the Brucejack project, it won’t go into the stream.

Traditional streaming companies like Silver Wheaton and Royal Gold are looking to buy streams that will last for decades, so Pretium’s deal is not for them. Instead, Pretium sold the stream to two private equity firms, Orion Resource Partners and Blackstone Group.

These companies are just looking for a good return and are not bothered by the idea of having their stream re-purchased in a few years. That is a relatively new concept in streaming, and it could be a game-changer if more private equity firms and other players decide to compete with traditional streamers.

Quartermain said his deal is proof that miners have alternatives to conventional streaming. He hopes other companies will follow Pretium’s lead and try to maintain some upside in these deals.

“We’ve shown you can, even in challenging markets, finance good projects and achieve that upside for shareholders,” he said.



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Product Details

AMP Gold and Precious Metals Portfolio: The Gold Investor’s Handbook

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Gold Gets Double Whammy on Weak Inflation, Rising Fed Rate Bets : Bloomberg

  • Gold

    USD/t oz. 1,069.70 -13.90 -1.28% DEC 15 13:42:31
  • U.S. inflation expectations match lowest in data to 1979
  • Fed may raise rates as soon as next month, futures show

Gold investors have more to worry about than the prospect of higher U.S. interest rates.

The metal, traditionally used as a hedge against rising consumer prices, is getting a one-two punch as weak inflation indicators compound the impact of speculation that the Federal Reserve will soon tighten monetary policy. Higher rates curb gold’s appeal because it doesn’t pay interest or give dividends, unlike competing assets.

Americans’ expectations for inflation over the next five-to-ten years matched the lowest in data going back to 1979, according to a University of Michigan report on Friday. While government figures on Tuesday showed prices excluding food and energy picked up in October, the central bank’s preferred gauge hasn’t met the Fed’s 2 percent goal since April 2012.

Demand withers for gold as a store of value

“There is no inflation, and that means gold will remain depressed, and I’m looking for lower gold going into next year,” Miguel Perez-Santalla, the sales and marketing manager at Heraeus Metals in New York, said in a telephone interview. “Nobody feels the need to have gold.”

Policy makers have said a December increase is possible as the labor market improves. Bets on a move in December accelerated this month after government data on Nov. 6 showed a drop in the unemployment rate and a jump in average hourly earnings.

A report from the Labor Department on Tuesday showed the cost of living excluding food and energy rose 0.2 percent for a second straight month in October, matching the median forecast in a Bloomberg survey of economists.

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Gold Plunges : Peter Schiff “It’s going to be a ‘horrible Christmas’ “

Well , a horrible Christmas for the folks who followed Peter Shiff’s constant refrain to buy gold.

( as opposed to AMP advice to sell at $1800 .


USD/t oz. 1,086.30 -17.90 -1.62% DEC 15 11:24:10
JPY/g 4,286.00 -38.00 -0.88% OCT 16 11:23:43
USD/t oz. 1,089.56 -14.36 -1.30% NA 11:49:12
EUR/t oz. 1,014.24 -0.04 0.00% NA 11:49:50
GBP/t oz. 730.31 +4.41 +0.61% NA 08:28:35
JPY/t oz. 134,191.44 -210.72 -0.16% NA 11:48:54
INR/t oz. 72,028.75 -709.10 -0.97% NA 11:49:20


The Grinch has nothing on Peter Shciff .

On CNBC’s “ Futures Now ” Thursday, thecontrarian investor said that while Americans are wrapping presents this holiday season, they should instead brace themselves for “a horrible Christmas” and possible recession.

“I expect [job] layoffs to start picking up by the end of the year,” Schiff said, pointing to retailers as the first victim. “Retailers have overestimated the ability of their customers to buy their products. Americans are broke. They are loaded up with debt,” he said. “We’re teetering on the edge of an official recession,” and “the labor market is softening.”

For Schiff, there is no one else to blame but theFederal Reserve . As he sees it, the central bank’s easy money policies have created a bubble so big that any prick could send the U.S. economy spiraling out of control. And that makes the possibility of hiking interest rates slim to none.

Read More Oil driving markets, not Fed: Cashin

“The Fed has to talk about raising rates to pretend the whole recovery is real, but they can’t actually raise them,” said the CEO of Euro Pacific Capital. “[Fed Chair Janet Yellen ] can’t admit that she can’t raise them because then she’s admitting the whole recovery is a sham and that the policy was a failure.”

Related Quotes

According to Schiff, the recent rally in the dollar (Intercontinental Exchange US: .DXY) is “the biggest bubble that the Fed has ever inflated” and “it’s the only thing keeping the economy afloat.” The greenback hit a three-month high this week after Yellen said a December rate hike was a “live” possibility.

Read More Sorting out the influence of the strong dollar on revenues

“[The inflated dollar] is keeping the cost of living from rising rapidly and it’s keeping interest rates artificially low. It’s allowing the Fed to pretend everything is great,” Schiff said. “Eventually the bottom is going to drop out of the dollar and we are going to have to deal with reality,” he added. “That reality is we are staring at a financial crisis much worse than the one we saw in 2008.”

Schiff, a longtime Fed foe, has been doubting a rate hike for some time. And while his predictions for a stock market and dollar crash have yet to pan out, he has maintained his stance that the Fed’s hands are tied.

Correction: This article has been revised to reflect Schiff said the bottom will drop out of the dollar.

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Why Peter Schiff is still wrong about gold

While Peter Schiff, and others of his ilk, have remained staunchly bullish on gold since the all-time highs in 2011, I feel they have done a terrible disservice to those who have followed them for the last three-plus years of (relative) pain.

Schiff is an uber-bull, or gold bug, as some may call him, who continually calls for $5000 gold. Since markets move in two directions and not just up, I believe that anyone who is uber-anything should be dismissed, as there is no appropriate substance being proffered by simply saying the word up every day. Ultimately, they will be right, but, in this case, you have to deal with a multi-year 40%-60% drawdown before eventually being correct.

Myra Saefong had a piece earlier this week reiterating Peter Schiff’s perspective about gold going to $5000. So, let’s look at Mr. Schiff’s underlying perspective a little more closely, and see if he is finally going to be right. Or should people consider our perspective that Mr. Schiff’s followers have more pain to experience in the near term, as metals have a lower low to be seen before the next bull phase takes hold.

First, last year, Mr. Schiff was of the exact same perspective regarding gold, and, he has been of the same perspective on gold since it topped in 2011. However, we called the top to gold within six dollars of the actual top in 2011, while most were still looking for gold to exceed the $2000 mark along with Mr. Schiff. In fact, we even called the downside targets correctly even before gold topped. Since that time, gold has lost 41% of its value from its high to low during this correction. Yet, Mr. Schiff has stayed staunchly bullish during this 40% draw down.

Second, last year, Mr. Schiff maintained the perspective that “renewed weakness in the dollar and strength in oil and other commodities will add to gold’s appeal during 2014.” Despite its drop, Mr. Schiff simply dismisses it as being “completely out of touch with reality.

I want to digress for a moment and point out something to those that feel that the dollar must drop in order for metals to rise. There is nothing written in stone that states that the dollar must fall for the metals to rise. In fact, if one closely observed the market action since November of 2014 until the end of January of 2015, gold rallied almost 15% while the dollar rallied over 9%. And, yes, we expected both markets to rally together at that time, too.

Third, Schiff seems to claim that only further quantitative easing will cause the metals to rise. But, this was the same perspective he had with all the previous QE programs were instituted by the Fed. We had QE1, QE2, Operation Twist, and then QE3, and metals are still near their lowest levels in four years. Yet, we are to believe that QE4 will be the one that supposedly causes the metals to rise to $5,000? Does anyone else see the inconsistency in this argument?

Fourth, in Schiff’s recent interview, he noted that “what is holding gold back . . . is the idea that the Fed is going to be raising interest rates.” Wait a second. For years, all people have been talking about is that a rise in interest rates evidences inflation, which is the real driver of gold. So, isn’t the common theme that gold will go up when rates go up, because that is supposedly a signal of inflation?

Yet, when looking a little deeper into what Schiff is now suggesting, it seems that low interest rates are needed to cause gold to rally? Is not a drop in rates commonly viewed as being associated with periods of deflation? So, is it deflation which will cause gold to rally or is it inflation?

The answer is that gold’s movement is not based upon either if you look honestly at the history of gold’s movements. Let’s take a look at the 2007-2009 time frame, which evidenced the most recent period of deflation in our markets, and see if we can glean anything from the metals action in relation to deflationary market pressures and dropping interest rates.

We all know that the S&P 500 topped in October of 2007 and began an estimated 300-point decline into March of 2008, and then we saw a corrective bounce in the equities for a couple of months. During that same period of time, the metals continued to rally. So, here we have “evidence” of the metals supposedly rising during a period of deflation.

But, when we then look toward the May 2008-March 2009 severe decline in the equity market, we witnessed the metals also experienced significant declines within that time period. In fact, gold lost a little more than 30% (yet, rallied again, thereafter). So, when one is presented with these facts, does it make sense that the metals are surely going to rise during periods of deflation and/or low interest rates?

One has to put aside their personal biases toward the metals and recognize that they are not necessarily going to rise during periods of deflation, or due to the drop in the dollar or interest rates. Oddly enough, metals can rally during periods of deflation or dollar appreciation, and they can fall during periods of deflation and dollar appreciation.

The same applies to periods of inflation as well. I know you are likely thinking to yourselves, “Avi has really lost it this time.” But in all honesty, how can you come to terms with the reality of how they reacted during the 2008 broad equity market carnage, which was clearly a deflationary event? Did they act as the supposed “safe haven” during the strongest period of deflationary pressures experienced since the Great Depression, especially while interest rates were dropping precipitously?

The one thing said by Mr. Schiff with which I agree is that “the moves in gold come in waves.” And, these wave movements are driven by waves of sentiment. That is exactly what we track. In fact, not only did the tracking of market sentiment allow us to make various calls, such as the drop into the November 2014 low, but at this time, unlike Mr. Schiff, we still believe that lower lows and more pain are still in store for those that have been continually bullish since 2011.

So, I would urge anyone reading prominent pundit “expectations” about metals to test them against the reality of the price action history. If someone suggests to you that it is a matter of interest rate sensitivity or an inflation/deflation argument or a factor of quantitative easing, you need to think long and hard about if the price history of metals supports their proposition. I suggest that it will not.

Rather, metals are purely a sentiment trade, and unless you understand how sentiment drives metals, you will more than likely be caught on the wrong side of a popular fundamental argument. Ultimately, he will be right. But, do we all have the deep pockets to be able to withstand yet another drop to lower lows before being proven right?

See chart on GLD 2007-2009.

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Gold Action/ Direction Continues Down : Braggin’ Rights To JAB

You can review my past articles to confirm my calls:

1) BUY when gold was below $ 900

2) Steady reductions in all positions for Jack A. Bass Managed Funds

     from $ 1800 til today.


Now What ?

We continue to see more downside risk in the next several days- from The Crude Oil Trader blog this quote which I second: ” as the next major level of support is 1,180 & if that price level is broken prices could slide rather dramatically. Gold prices settled last Friday at 1,216 finishing slightly lower for the trading week as volatility has certainly increased as prices were up $20 a couple of days back on the news of the coalition & the United States bombing ISIS but then prices came right back down as I still think lower prices are ahead as there’s no reason to own gold right now especially with a very strong U.S dollar so continue to play this to the downside making sure you place your stop above the 2 week high.”

No stocks are being spared .

In my book ” The Gold Investors Handbook” – available on Amazon – I pick B2Gold ( BTO) as my top junior . It moves lower and is so very tempting but there is no way to call a bottom. Wait and buy when there is a turn rather than catch all the falling knives.Use the book to develop your own gold watchlist . In the meantime there are so many better places to earn money with less risk.

The ever lower prices for Yamana are almost painful to watch – but there is less pain in the sideline compared to watching your portfolio wither away.

It is criminal in my less than humble opinion the Sprott and Peter Schiff continue to urge investors to buy into the conspiracy theory of manipulation of the commodity price. The printing press in the U.S. runs at full speed 24 hours a day – but the fact is there is still no inflation and no inflation on the horizon. This undermines a central argument for owning gold. Mining costs continue to escalate and thus pressure mining returns at lower commodity prices.

Even the Ukraine and Middle East turmoil and have not proved to be much of a factor to boost gold as a safe haven in times of trouble. Gold bugs are reduced to hoping the stock market stops its advance and the economic recovery in the U.S. runs out of steam.Right now dividend paying stocks in a recovery are more attractive than the gold sector.

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The Gold Sector :The Worst Slump In Prices In 30 Years Will Continue

The gold industry, recovering from the worst slump in prices in 30 years, needs more mergers to help

improve investor returns and eliminate unprofitable mines or prices will continue to fall said Jack A.

Bass , author of The Gold Investors Handbook.

ABN Amro’s commodity analysts put it plainly last week. They expect gold’s 11% rise in the first-half of 2014 to be “temporary” because US Fed rates hikes are coming, while the outlook is “positive” for equities. Such thinking makes sense based on 2013’s example. Taper talk pushed bond prices down last year, nudging market interest rates higher. The S&P500 meanwhile returned 32%, a little more than gold prices fell.
Logic might also see a trade-off between gold and rising returns on other assets. Because the metal yields nothing and does nothing. It can’t even rust. Equities and interest-paying investments on the other hand work to increase your money. So gold prices should fall when equities rise, and also when the markets expect higher interest rates. Or so analysts now think.
GOLD was a universal “sell” for professional analysts at New Year, writes Adrian Ash at BullionVault.
Losing 30% in 2013, the gold price faced the long-awaited start of US Fed tapering – widely supposed to make fixed-income bonds go down, nudging interest rates higher – plus strong hopes for further gains in world equities. Who needed the barbarous relic?

Gold producers, which are gathering for the annual invitation-only Denver Gold Forum that began yesterday, cut budgets, sold assets and adjusted mine plans after the metal plunged 28 percent last year, prompting more than $26 billion of writedowns. The industry already has started a consolidation process.

“The industry did a very poor job from a capital-allocation standpoint, from a risk-management standpoint and from an operational-execution standpoint,” he said. “For long-term oriented investors it would be better for the industry to get more right-sized where companies are focused on generating profit at a conservative gold price assumption.”

‘Darwinistic Scenarios’

Combining companies can help eliminate their respective unprofitable operations, he said. Weak companies with good assets may also be targeted by stronger producers, he said.

“Or the least appealing of the Darwinistic scenarios is a company that has gotten all of those things — capital allocation, risk management and operational execution — wrong and they wind up going bankrupt,” he said.

There have already been some moves toward consolidation this year. Yamana Gold Inc. and Agnico Eagle Mines Ltd. bought Osisko Mining Corp. after beating out a hostile bid from Goldcorp Inc. Barrick Gold Corp. (ABX) and Newmont Mining Corp., the two largest producers by sales, also discussed a merger this year before breaking off talks in April.

“I do believe the gold industry is in the process of consolidating,” Wickwire of Fidelity  said.

‘Survivors and Thrivers’

Wickwire said as an investor he focuses on companies he terms “survivors and thrivers”: those with good management and strategy. He is also interested in enterprises that may have poor strategy or boards and management but own good assets that would be better operated by another producer. He declined to name specific companies.

The Fidelity Select Gold Portfolio rose 17 percent this year through Sept. 12, compared with a 2.4 percent increase in New York gold futures. The Philadelphia Stock Exchange Gold and Silver Index of 30 companies gained 8.9 percent.

Wickwire holds both bullion and gold equities in his fund. While gold miners underperformed the metal in the past two years, they can also outperform strongly when companies’ operations, capital allocation and risk-management decisions improve, he said.

“Under the appropriate backdrops, if you have a 10 percent movement in the gold price, some companies out there have the potential to generate 30 to 40 or 50 percent cash flow and earnings-per-share growth,” Wickwire said. “And when the companies are executing, the market rewards that dynamic aspect with a higher valuation.”

Barrick Gold SELL

ABX : TSX : C$19.82
Target: C$17.50

Barrick is the largest gold producer in the world and has
a portfolio of operating mines and development projects
located in the United States, Canada, Australia, Peru,
Chile, Argentina, and Tanzania. In 2012, the company’s
operating mines produced 7.42 million ounces of gold, at
total cash costs of $584 per ounce.
All amounts in C$ unless otherwise noted.

Metals and Mining — Precious Metals and Minerals
Investment recommendation
Our target price has been revised from C$20.50 to C$17.50 to reflect the
recent shift lower in the gold forward curve and to reflect our estimate
of potential reserve and mine plan changes at YE13. This report
provides an analysis of potential YE13 reserve changes on an asset by
asset basis. Based on the implied negative return to target, we have
revised our rating on Barrick from Hold to SELL.
Investment highlights
 Barrick is developing new mine plans to reflect a lower gold price
environment and maximize cash flow. We estimate 2013 gold
production at 6.36mozs, 11% lower sequentially. Cash operating
costs are expected to be only modestly lower at ~$585/oz.
 We estimate that operating reserves (excluding development assets)
will have declined ~18% at year-end. While reserve grades could
potentially increase ~11%, we note that Barrick has been mining
~19% above reserve grade over the past four years.
 Our 2013 EPS and CFPS estimates have been revised to $2.30 (from
$2.32) and $3.23 (from $3.07), respectively.
We have revised our target price from C$20.50 to C$17.50, which is
predicated on an above sector average 0.90x multiple to our forward
curve derived operating NAVPS estimate of C$22.34 (from C$25.65) plus
net debt and other assets. Our target multiple fully reflects Barrick’s
numerous positive attributes; we just do not see the value proposition
for Barrick at current metals prices. Barrick is currently trading at a
27% premium to its gold peers on NAV. Near term positive free cash
flow is expected to be largely utilized to finish constructing Pascua.